Thomas Cook is one of the giants of the British high street, with millions of holidaymakers traveling with the operator every year.
From its humble beginnings offering short train journeys across the East Midlands, the company now runs hotels, resorts, airlines and cruises from its hundreds of stores.
But more than 175 years after it was founded, the high street staple is on the brink of collapse.
Here we take a look at the colorful history of the world’s oldest travel operator.
1841 The journey begins
Thomas Cook, born in the village of Melbourne in Derbyshire in 1808, organizes his first trip.
The 12-mile journey from Leicester to Loughborough cost passengers one shilling.
It would be another four years until Mr Cook ran his first trip for profit.
The handbook made to accompany that journey from Leicester to Liverpool was the company’s first travel-related publication.
Thomas Cook offers its first-ever continental tour.
Two parties travel from Harwich in Essex to Antwerp in Belgium.
They then visited Brussels before traveling to Cologne and Heidelberg in Germany.
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The next stops were Strasbourg and Paris in France.
The trip also marked the first time Thomas Cook offered a complete holiday “package” made up of travel, accommodation and food.
The company also offered a foreign exchange service for the first time.
1865 Opening up shop
Thomas Cook opens its first high street shop.
The store was in London’s Fleet Street.
In 2019 the company would have more than 560 high street shops.
1871 A family business
The company is renamed, Thomas Cook & Son.
Mr Cook’s son John had joined his father in the business seven years earlier.
1919 Flying high
Thomas Cook & Son becomes the first UK travel agent to advertise pleasure trips by air.
Flights to the French Riviera were offered by the company 20 years later.
1948 Public ownership
Thomas Cook & Son becomes state-owned under the British Transport Holding Company.
1972 Back to private
Thomas Cook & Son is privatized and bought by a consortium of Midland Bank, Trust House Forte and the Automobile Association.
The company changes its name to the Thomas Cook Group two years later.
1984 The birth of a slogan
The tagline “Don’t Just Book It, Thomas Cook It!” is introduced.
1997 Entering the future
The company launches Thomas Cook Online.
The move makes the travel agency the first to offer customers a way to buy holidays, foreign currency, traveler’s cheques and guidebooks over the internet.
2011 Joining forces
Thomas Cook merges its UK retail operations with those of the Co-operative Group and the Midlands Co-operative Society, creating the UK’s largest ever chain of travel agents.
Two years later the company announces that Thomas Cook Airlines in the UK, Belgium and Scandinavia, together with Condor in Germany, will be merged into a single operating division within the Thomas Cook Group.
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2019 Financial woes
The travel operator hits hard times and closes 21 high street stores in March, resulting in 320 job losses.
The company said the closures were part of plans to “streamline” its UK retail network under an efficiency program.
Thomas Cook pointed to the fact that holidaymakers are switching online, with 64% of all its bookings in the UK being made on the web last year.
The ailing travel operator found itself on the brink of collapse just months later as it struggled to fill a £200m black hole.
The company was close to giving up on hope of private sector rescue deal on Saturday 21 September.
Thomas Cook had made a request for government funding but its chances of being granted were said to be remote.